عنوان مقاله [English]
Abstract Spatial integration of settlements around metropolitan areas with central cities and urban transport development has created a phenomenon as day trips. This phenomenon in cities and villages around metropolitan areas and due to the economic and social structures of can be seen with differences. In our country official statistics of this population since have not been released, but the 1385 census was the first attempt to study this population. In this study, we try to consider the location and spatial distribution of the phenomenon is known around the metropolises of the country with usage of extraction analysis and spatial statistics. Based on the research findings, this phenomenon exists in all metropolises of the country, but in terms of spatial distribution, the big cities are different. Based on the spatial analysis performed in the metropolises of Isfahan, Tehran and Shiraz, this phenomenon from spatial perspective is cluster that represents spatial heterogeneity in the metropolitans, So that the highest values are found in the vicinity of metropolitans. The data contained in the Tabriz metropolitan area has an irregular distribution, hence, this phenomenon is not at the level of the Metropolitan scattered and not as a cluster has a specific place. Key Words: Daily Trips, Location Analysis, Spatial Statistics, Metropolitans Key Words: Daily Trips, Location Analysis, Spatial Statistics, Metropolitans Key Words: Daily Trips, Location Analysis, Spatial Statistics, Metropolitans Key Words: Daily Trips, Location Analysis, Spatial Statistics, Metropolitans Key Words: Daily Trips, Location Analysis, Spatial Statistics, Metropolitans Key Words: Daily Trips, Location Analysis, Spatial Statistics, Metropolitans
11. Anas, Alex. Arnott, Richard. Small, Kenneth (1997),"Urban Spatial Structure". UTCTC NO. 357. The University of California Transport System.
12. Anselin, L. 1992. Spatial data analysis with GIS: An introduction to application in the social sciences, National Center For Geographic Information and Analysis University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, Technical Report 92-10.
13. Anselin, L. 1993. Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis and Geographic Information Systems. Paper prepared for presentation at the DOSES/EUROSTAT Workshop on New Tools for Spatial Analysis, ISEGI Lisbon, Portugal, and November 18-20.
14. Bertaud, Alain. 2004. ”The spatial organization of cities: Deliberate outcome or unforeseen consequence?” Paper Available on: HTTP://alain-bertaud.com
15. Champion T. 2001. ``Urbanization, suburbanization, counter urbanization and reurbanization'', in Handbook of Urban Studies Ed. R Paddison (Sage, London) pp 143- 161.
16. Fuchs R., and Demko G. 1987. ``Commuting in the USSR and Eastern Europe: causes, characteristics and consequences'' East European Quarterly 11 463 – 475.
17. Goetz, S.J., Han, Y., Findeis, J. and Brasier, K.J. 2010. US commuting networks and economic growth: Measurement and implications for spatial policy. Growth and Change (Special Issue on Best Practices in Rural Development and Policy. 41(2): 276–302.
18. Hornis, Willemieke and Van Eck. J. 2008. A typology of peri-urban areas in the Neterlands, Tijdschrift voor Economische en Social Geograﬁe, 99 (5): 619–628.
19. Mieszkowski, P., and Mills E. 1993. ``The causes of metropolitan suburbanization'' Journal of Economic Perspectives 7: 135 – 147.
20. Partridge, Mark D., MD Kamar Ali, AND M. Rose Olfert, 2010. Rural-to-Urban Commuting: Three Degrees of Integration, Growth and Change 41(2): 303–335.
21. Regmi, C., and Tisdell, T. 2002. Remitting behavior of Nepalese rural-to-urban migrants: implications for theory and policy, Journal of Development Studies 38(3): 76-94.
22. Sjo«berg Oë, 1992. ``Underurbanisation and the zero urban growth hypotheses: diverted migration in Albania'' Geografiska Annaler 74B 3 -19.
23. Tammaru, T. 2005. Suburbanization, employment change, and commuting in the Tallinn metropolitan area, Environment and Planning, 37: 1669–1687.
24. Van den Berg L., Drewett R., Klaassen L., Rossi A., and Vijverberg C. 1982. A Study of Growth and Decline (Pergamum Press, Oxford).
25. Whitener, L.A., and Parker, T. 2007. Policy option for a changing rural America. Amber Waves 3(2): 68–65.