عنوان مقاله [English]
The aim of the present application which was carried out using descriptive analytical, is the Food Security Status and Measure food security implications on rural communities. The study sample was composed of the All heads of rural households Ravansar Township, using Cochran formula, Have been selected as a sample of 180 household heads. The main research tool is United States Department of Agriculture Questionnaire (USAD) and used to assess the implications food security questionnaire which confirmed its validity and reliability respectively, using the expert opinions and Pre-test, with a total of 30 questionnaires in a village outside the study area. Questionnaires were distributed according to geographical basis, in the 17 villages of the study area. The data analysis was performed using structural equation modeling (data is a combination of Independent variable food security six variables Quality of life, Destroying property, Pressure on water resources, Land use change, Principles of Sustainability and Degradation of pastures, forests and wildlife). Show results for food security situation in the study area have food security 25 percent of people and 75 percent in the group of food insecurity (Food insecurity without hunger 26.7 percent, Food insecure with moderate hunger 23.9 percent and Food insecure with severe hunger 24.4 percent). Show results for food security implications the fitted model on the rural residents Ravansar Township and have a food security greatest impact on destroying property, Pressure on water resources and degradation of pastures, forests and wildlife variables, respectively, with a total effect of 0.402, 0.304 and 0.262.