عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Therefore todays a procedure which is considered to be the most effective, the least expensive and the most constant is "Good Urban Governance". It can be defined as a procedure of managing municipal activities with cooperation and engagement of three sectors; public, private and civilized society in order to create a sound city with high level of living capabilities and constant development.
This study is a descriptive- explanative one regarding studying factors and practical nature of the study. Data and information are collected with library and field studies. It is a survey study and it is done by preparing a questionnaire. Statistical population is 42613 Ilamian families and case study is 397 head of families whom are selected by Cochran formula and random sampling. Cronbach's coefficient alpha is used for reliability of questionnaire which is 0.76. Analyzing data is done by T-test method. The aim of the study is evaluating Ilam 14 areas about Good Urban Governance indexes. Geographical limit of the study is Ilam city. Its population was 172213 people and 42613 families in 1390. Criteria of this study are World Bank criteria and United Nation developing program. Three factors, accountability, responsibility and Role of law are analyzed using T-test. Results show that rate of accountability is -8.340 which is meaningful in 5 percent error level. It can be said that there is a meaningful difference between real average (2.08) and imagined average (3). As the real average is lower than imagined one it can be said that from citizens' views accountability index is in an undesirable level and they evaluate it lower than Likert scale. There is a meaningful difference between real average (2.14) and imagined average (3) for responsibility level and as it is below Likert scale therefore it is in a lower level. Average for Role of law is 3.54 which is more than imagined average. Therefore the level of law abidance is high according to citizens' view. Therefore it can be said that Ilam 14 areas has undesirable levels according to these scales and the hypothesis of this study is confirmed.
11. مرکز سکونتگاههای انسانی سازمان ملل متحد (هابیتات)، شهرها در فرایند جهانی شدن، گزارش جهانی سکونتگاههای انسانی، ترجمه رضا پورخردمند و دیگران، مرکز مطالعات و برنامهریزی شهر تهران، چاپ اول 1388، تهران.
13. موحد، علی. موسیکمان رودی. فرزانه ساسانپور و سجاد قاسمی کفرودی. 1393. بررسی حکمروایی خوب شهری در محلههای شهری (مورد مطالعه منطقه 19 شهرداری تهران)، فصلنامه مطالعات برنامهریزی شهری، سال دم، شماره هفتم، پاییز 1393، مازندران، دانشگاه مازندران.
14. نوبری، نازک. محمدرحیمی. 1389. حکمروایی خوب شهری (یک ضرورت تردیدناپذیر)، مرکز مطالعات و برنامهریزی شهر تهران، دانش شهر شماره 11، خرداد 1389، تهران.