عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The role of a pedestrian street in the social qualitypromotion Tehran City
(Case study: Shahrivar17th sidewalk)
Creating favorable urban spaces is the most important goal of modern urbanism. In this regard, sidewalks, due to their profound impact on the promotion of urban life quality, they have a special significance in urban spaces and are considered as components giving identification to social and cultural environments. For this purpose, the current studyinvestigates the role of Shahrivar17th sidewalk in social quality area of Imam Hussein square to Shohada square. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between the quality of urban space in sidewalks (vitality, legibility, permeability and Safety: as independent variables) and social interaction (as dependent variable). The research method is descriptive – analytical and in terms of goal is a practical study. Questionnaire, interview and observation are the main tools for collecting necessary data. Cochran formula ratio has been used (daily referring), and the sample ofthe study include 376 people which has been selected randomly. The questionnaires were distributed among pedestrians and available merchants with simple random sampling method.
Pearson correlation and linear regression tests have been used to analyze the data. Research result shows that readability factor among independent variables was the only one which has significant relationship with quality of social space as independent variable in 17thShahrivar pedestrian. Two variables namely vitality and permeability have not considered as influential factors in social interaction in Shahrivar17th sidewalk. Considering these two factors is essential in order to enhance the quality of social space in this sidewalk.