عنوان مقاله [English]
Reducing road dangers for tourists require emergency stations and roadside assistance during different events. And other services between the way such as residance that have a good place to relax, reduce stress and achieve a high degree of satisfaction to tourists. The establishment of these complexes and job creation is to expand the surrounding areas. Characteristics for site selection and design of road residence, is dependent on climatic conditions of region. Iranian people, especially citizens in areas that are warm invented ways to cope with the harsh climate. Earth sheltered architecture as one of these methods to build resorts, architecture,use of Abuttals to the outer walls of the building as thermal mass to reduce heat dissipation and protection is easy to keep indoor air temperature. In the present study after studies and determine the main characteristics to locate the earth sheltered road residence in Semnan province using geographic information system, The data of each characteristics by taking into account the weighted professionals in the field, And in order of priority to the phased approach of drawing layer and is applied in the desired range. So at any step after the check, void the test areas were removed and applied to the appropriate areas remained next step. In this way, all indexes are applied and On this basis the final map was drawn from the model, They finally selected site within 20 kilometers East of Shahrood city, is located on the north side of the shahrood-sabzevar international road As the best location for the project was chosen road residence with approach to earth sheltered architecture.