عنوان مقاله [English]
The study area in this research is Dasht village located in North Khorasan Province and Besh Oily Village in Golestan Province. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the various flood management practices in two flood plain villages (with a set of structural and non-structural measures) and Besh Oily village (displacement of settlement and resettlement). So, as with most surveys, by focusing on a limited sample of the entire community and using the questionnaire, the required data was gathered. The statistical population of this study is the residents of Dasht plain located in North Khorasan province (a set of managing and structural measures for flood control) equal to 391 households and also residents of Besh Oily village in Golestan province (displaced in a limited extent) equal to 129 households. The questionnaires include four variables related to the subject of research, including social (9 components), economic (9 components), psychological (5 components) and bioenvironmental dimensions (6 components). Questionnaires have been basically formed of closed questions with answers in the five-point Likert scale. In the next step, after filling in the questionnaires and removing probable deficiencies, the required information was extracted from the questionnaires and analyzed to achieve the objectives of the research. For this purpose, the statistical method of comparing the means and the panel design based on the attitude of the sample population in the two periods before and after the implementation of flood management measures were used. The results of the analysis of the single-sample t-test of the studied patterns showed a significant difference in both patterns in terms of social, psychological and bioenvironmental dimensions. Also, the findings from the aggregation of the explanatory items of the economic dimension indicate a significant difference in this dimension in the structural and nonstructural model and the average level of the items. Also, the results of independent samples t-test revealed that there is no significant difference in social and bioenvironmental dimensions, however there is a significant difference in the economic and psychological dimensions between the two studied patterns.