عنوان مقاله [English]
Spatial Planning and Analysis with an Emphasis on Locating the Optimal Green Space; Case Study: Gorgan City
Urbanization is a developing phenomenon and analyzing the appropriate location and the way of geographical distribution of urban green spaces has an effective role in development and future of city. Parks and urban green spaces are such applications which their division and distribution have great importance in the city. Green spaces as one of indexes of development of Societies have envirenmental, social, cultural, economic and physical dimensions, and for playing better the role and operation the Initial and the most important step is to consider the appropriate basis. The research is going to prove that meduim sized city Gorgan doesn't have optimal geographical distribution of urban green spaces; Therefore, by using appropriate patern it is going to distribute green space sufficiently, based on the concepts of sustainable development and social justice, calling for internal interaction of spatial organization on field of study with stressing on obtaining appropriate location to build green space indexes of neighborhood to cultural, commercial, residential, access points, and distance to industries, installation and existing green space are being used. Then, for every affecting factors on green spaces locating information layers in GIS being provided and for patterning, based on importance, each layer by using AHP in green space locating being weighted. Finally, obtaining results of composing layers based on AHP model is leading to classify the lands of the region to select the appropriete spaces in order to planning and building the green spaces.
Keywords: Spatial Planning, Locating, Urban Green Spaces, Gorgan, AHP.