عنوان مقاله [English]
The recession and socio-economic problems of the marginalized communities, has become a major challenge for urban managers. One of the reasons for the lack of implementation plans in these areas, has been announced the lack of real participation and public presence in such projects. This is while changing the approaches taken into consideration in these projects can be grounded the real and widespread presence of people in the process of empowering these neighborhoods. The dominant view so far in studies of social interventions has been based on Putnam theory, which linked the production of social capital to a strong civil society. While Rothstein's theory views social capital production through the efficiency and impartiality of public and public institutions. In fact, the municipality can help the process of empowering the poor when it is done by the people. For this purpose, this descriptive and analytical study done. in Mashhad city and Five Municipality of this metropolitan. The method used was mainly qualitative and participatory planning and to confirm the assumptions, quantitative and field methods were also considered. Questionnaires and in-depth interviews were used as data collection tools. The data were analyzed using content analysis and SPSS software, using independent t-test. The results showed that people who participated in local community mobilization programs reported higher satisfaction and willingness to participate. There was also a relationship between the tendency to utilize micro funds in local development and familiarity with the process of participatory planning. In addition, the implementation of participatory planning has reduced the distrust of participants significantly, and the desire to live in the neighborhood has increased. On this basis we can say that social capital is the product of real participation, and it will be possible following comprehensive institutional development.
جغرافیا و آمایش شهری – منطقهای، دوره چهارم، شماره یازدهم، زاهدان.
35.Wanjala, Emmanuel Sikuku & Muiruri, Zipporah Karimi. 2016. Participatory Planning and Quality Service Delivery in Local Authorities in Kenya, Science Journal of Business and Management, 4(5), Cape Town.