Explaining the Effective Factors on Rural Land Use Changes with a Focus on the Political Economy of Space: A case Study of Lavasan Section, Small Lavasan Vilages

Document Type : Article extracted From phd dissertation


1 PhD student in Geography and Rural Planning, Tehran Science and Research Unit, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Tehran Science and Research Unit, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran



The lack of transparency in the structure of the macroeconomic and predominantly service-based economy, characterized by low productivity in production and a lack of economic value creation, has resulted in a shift of the country's rent and circulating capital towards land and housing brokerage. This shift is driven by the desire for minimal risk and maximum profit. This research has an applied purpose and was conducted using a descriptive-analytical method. It is based on library studies and field investigations, which include a Delphi survey and evaluation. Delphi results indicate that factors related to the development of infrastructure and transportation network (5), non-implementation of land use laws and regulations (5), land and housing speculation and stock market (4.95), and low yield of agricultural and garden land (4.93) are the main contributing factors. He is knowledgeable about the key aspects of land use developments. The evaluation of the beneficiaries in rural areas of Lavasan reveals that the primary factors contributing to changes in land use are primarily related to the inadequate enforcement of laws (3.52), challenges in agricultural activities (3.33), high costs associated with providing inputs (3.26), and the lack of effective communication from the executive bodies to the landowners. Agriculture is aware of the type and prohibition of changes in land use (3.25). The results of the cross-comparison matrix, which is based on three enabling, ineffective, and limiting characteristics, indicate that there are 11 scenarios with a high probability of occurring in the current situation. According to the location and range of scenarios, 40.25% of the scenarios were stationary. There are numerous legal gaps and conflicts in the field of local and regional land use management, as well as issues with the quality of access to services. There is also a geographic concentration of activity, incoherence and lack of legal order in laws and regulations related to the control and guidance of urban and rural development. Additionally, there is a lack of executive coordination and non-synergistic measures. Institutions involved in the land management system are considered the most important in these scenarios.