Management and Planning of Crisis in Urban Spaces with Passive Defense Approach and SWOT Model

Document Type : Research Paper



However, nowadays cities and metropolitans of worlds archives the considerable progress with advance of technology and knowledge in different dimensions; but probability of vulnerability of them have been increased in recent decades as bombing, urban riots and terrorist activities with progresses simultaneously. Therefore, in recent years with new approaches of urban planning and design as passive defense; urban managers and planners have been trying to structure the somatogenic construct, planning of urban spaces and arrangement of different uses according to these new strategies of trends.  Isfahan metropolitan is one of the most important cities of Iran which each year in special days (Qods day, 22th of bahman) in 8 march passes is the host of great gatherings of people and it seems that this passes subject to vulnerability and need to reorganization. Assessment of vulnerability rate of uses in 8 March passes and their spatial transmittance in GIS software indicate which 5, 6 and 8 passes are in critical situation and others have moderate vulnerability. The aim of researchers in this paper introduces the new march passes with little vulnerability and offers the management strategies to reduce crisis with SWOT models. It is necessary to mention that introduce of new march passes are not remote from crisis, but in this paper the little crises and vulnerability is regarded. CCTV cameras installed in the routes, cooperation between organization in planning, implementation and management of rallies, wide narrow street, scheduling time and enhancing crisis management organizations is the best strategy to reduce of crisis in march passes.


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