نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
1 دانشآموخته کارشناسیارشد جغرافیا و برنامهریزی شهری، دانشگاه گیلان
2 استادیار گروه جغرافیا، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه گیلان
عنوان مقاله [English]
Nowadays one of the indicators of urban sustainability is reducing the use of fossil fuels and reducing air pollution, to increase public transport, improve the physical activity of residents and the health of citizens, and encourage more walkability. Therefore, the position of pedestrian has been on the agenda of urban planners and managers in the last few decades to increase the quality of urban space and to encourage the increase of walkability. Given that cities do not have a distinct physical fabric; it is obvious that different urban spaces do not have the same walkability. Therefore, identifying the physical characteristics of the human environment is very important in terms of more walkability. These environments in the city include residential areas. In this research, by selecting the town of Andisheh as the study area, first the indicators related to the walkability of residential areas have been identified and then each of them has been made as layers of the map and using the two-way comparison method (AHP). ), The weight of each has been determined. Furthermore, for zoning and ranking of the walkability of residential neighborhoods have been used the international indicators, including residential density, mixed land use, street status, attractiveness and beauty of the environment and safety and security. According to calculations using the AHP, it has been determined that the safety and residential density indicators are of the highest (0.502) and lowest (0.032), respectively. Pair comparisons between walkability indicators have shown that Phase 2 residential areas are more favorable than other neighborhoods in Andisheh. On the other hand, the output of the zoning of walkability in residential areas indicates that residential areas that have high walkability, have located adjacent to the central district of the town or next to commercial centers of some neighborhoods. According to the findings, neighborhood 29 of phase three of Andisheh with 86 points was the most walkable neighborhood.
14.Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, 2013. Healthy Spaces and Places; A national guide to designing places for healthy living.
15.Azmi, Diyanah Inani, Abdul Karim, Hafazah, Ahmad, Puziah, 2013. Comparative Study of Neighborhood Walkability to Community Facilities between Two Precincts in Putrajaya, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 105.
16.Crane, Randall, Crepeau, Richard. 1998. Does neighborhood design influence travel? A behavioral analysis of travel diary and GIS data. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 3(4).
17.Frank, Lawrence, Andresen, Martin A, Schmid, Thomas, 2004. Obesity relationships with community design, physical activity, and time spent in cars, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27(2).
18.Frank, Lawrence, Pivo, Gary, 1994. Impacts of mixed use and density on utilization of three modes of travel: single occupant vehicle, transit, and walking. Transportation Research Record Journal of the Transportation Board, 1466.
19.Frank, Lawrence, Sallis, James, Conway, Terry, Chapman, James, Saelens, Brian and Bachman, William, 2006. Many pathways from land use to health: Associations between neighborhood walkability and active transportation, body mass index, and air quality, Journal of American Planning Association, 72(1).
20.Gebel, Klaus, Bauman, Adrian, Owen, Neville, Foster, Sarah, Giles-Corti, Billie, 2009, the built environment and walking, The Heart Foundation’s National Physical Activity Advisory Committee.
21.Gilderbloom, John, Riggs, William, Meares, Wesley, 2014. Does walkability matter? An examination of walkability’s impact on housing values, foreclosures and crime, Cities, Vol. 42.
22.Humpel, Nancy, Owen, Neville, Leslie, Eva, 2002. Environmental factors associated with adults’ participation in physical activity: a review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 22, Issue 3.
23.Kashani Jou, Khashayar, 2011. Evaluating integration between public transportation and pedestrian-oriented urban spaces in two main metro stations of Tehran, Scientific Research and Essays, 6(13).
24.Leslie, Eva, Saelens, Brian, Frank, Lawrence, Owen, Neville, Bauman, Adrian, Coffee, Neil, Hugo, Graeme, 2005. Residents’ perceptions of walkability attributes in objectively different neighborhoods: a pilot study, Health Place, 11(3).