نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
1 عضو هیات علمی- دانشگاه شهیدبهشتی
2 دانشجوی دکترا- دانشگاه خوارزمی
3 مدرس دانشگاه
عنوان مقاله [English]
In aspect of sustainable development, social capital beside natural capital, human development and human capital, is integral part of the wealth of nations, and is one of the key factors of rural areas development to eliminate inequalities. This research study spatial analysis Level of Rural areas development of East Azerbaijan Province in aspect of sustainable development indicators and its relationship from social capital using descriptive and analytical methods. Research statistical population are 19 counties and 43 indicators for measuring sustainable development rural areas of East Azerbaijan and 384 households as the sample size for the concept of social capital. Data collection tools are the questionnaire, and sampling method has Simple randomized. Data analysis has been done using Excel and SPSS software in this research. results of numerical taxonomy show that the from 19 counties, rural areas of Maragheh and Marand counties are The first level of development, and 2 city Charaoymaq, Khdaafryn are in the last Fourth level of development . So rural areas of Tabriz, Marageh, Marand and Myaneh counties are at the very high Level and Julfa, Harris, Ajabshir, Varzeqan, Khdaafryn, Charoymag counties are at very low levels in aspect of social capital. These results show deep inequality among rural areas in terms of sustainable development and social capital indicators. Results show that dimensions of social capital has a significant relationship with sustainable development, which among these dimensions, social participation has the greatest impact with 0.415%. In generally, between sustainable development of rural areas and social capital is significant relationship with 0.99 percent. Therefore, rural areas that have participation, confidence, cooperation, and cohesion, have more developmental range. Hence social capital is affect for achieving sustainable development in rural areas with an average of 3.85.