عنوان مقاله [English]
Access to various factors such as natural, economic, social and political elements create or deteriorate regional inequalities considering harmonious regional development, reducing regional and sectional heterogeousness and inequalities. Regional policies and planning for the purposes that change according to the structural features, the amenities and limitations of a region involve studying and recognition of the features of each region based on the location of that region in the whole regional system. Considering this fact, development has bisect relationship with Social equality and well-balanced spatial distribution of services in regions. The research commenced with a comprehensive literature and document analysis and due to its major approach، is in line with applied research to recognize differences between the regions. In which made use of statistical methods and quantities models including such as: Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution, human development index, Z-score, Coefficient of Variation and Spearman correlation coefficients. For this، different indices have been characterized and used regarding different Social، economic، physical، health، and cultural aspects of development from National Population and Housing Census of 2011. Findings are shaming, unbalanced spatial distribution of indices in Kurdistan cities, Such that the Townships of Bejar have been classified as developed، Qourveh and Sanandaj as Middle-developed and Saqez, Diwandareh, Bane, Dehgalan, Kamyaran, Sarwabad and marivan as less developed areas in Kurdistan province. Spearman correlation coefficient equals 0.22, indicating a low correlation between the distribution of population and level of development. The most dispersion and inequality in the province has been on healthy indicators And the lowest was also Infrastructure-physical indicators is related.Inequalities in levels of development between the city and province because of they are not uniformly distributed among the various indicators and In line with the planning of spatial justice Undeveloped city is reflected by the priority.
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