استادیار جغرافیا و برنامهریزی شهری، دانشگاه پیام نور ساری
عنوان مقاله [English]
Tourism is appeared as new industry due to the increase of people’s free time which is considered as an effective activity in all bases of development. Tourism has gone beyond in recent years and it has been stepped on to the new arena such as using and exploiting Geo-Tourism’s capabilities. Geo-Tourism has developed the role and importance of tourism more than before as a new and modern word in each country and all countries try to exploit sufficiently from this industry, and Iran hasn’t already been able to exploit from this industry sufficiently in spite of having remarkable potentials. Therefore, recognizing the attractions and Geo-Touristic capabilities keeping step with increasing the tourist’s motivations are considered by officials and administrations for visiting natural landscapes during recent years. By considering to this issue that attracting tourists with different cultures and ideas from all over the country in the coasts of Khazar sea causes social interactions and cultural communications with the people who reside in these regions, the impact of tourists in culture, traditions, dialects, and lifestyles, and livelihood, and in short cultural and spiritual symbols of the people of these regions has been considered during recent years. Thus, we are going to evaluate Geo-Touristic potentials and capabilities for presenting main strategies for achieving touristic sustainable development in Noshahr and Chalous. Research method of the current study is descriptive-analytic and it is a kind of an exploratory research and library study methods and the study of texts and contents of materials and also field methods such as questionnaire, interview, and observation have been used in general. The findings of research indicate that these cities can be raised as ecotouristic centers in the direction of the approaches of cultural sustainable development considering to the existing efficiencies and potentials in the studied area.