نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه رازی
2 کارشناسارشد آب و هواشناسی، دانشگاه رازی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The variety of landscape and natural phenomena in coastal areas of the world caused increasing attention of tourists in using of these areas. Qua nowadays sea shores and ocean coastal have become the one of the most influential factors of the national and local economic all over the world. In this study in order to identify climatic potential of the south and the north shores of Iran to develop coastal tourism’s various activities the meteorological data of 16 synoptic stations in south and north coasts of Iran for a period of 25 years from 1986 to 2010 were used.
Beach Climate Index (BCI) was applied to assess beach relaxation potential and, key & vamplew model was used to evaluate sport tourism in the fields of swimming, football & Athletics Track. Analysis was performed based on the Climate tourism information scheme model ᾿s outputs (CTIS).The results of the BCI index showed that on the northern coast of Iran, during June, July and August and on the southern coast of Iran during the whole of the year have suitable climatic conditions for beach relaxation. In general eastern parts of North and South shores of the country have better conditions than in the western parts.
According to calculations of key & vamplew model autumn has favorable conditions in all the coasts of the country for football & Athletics Track. Except that the best time for such activities in the northern beaches is October &, in the southern coasts is December. Also the results indicate that in addition of the mentioned times there are favorable climatic conditions in the spring (on the northern coast) and winter (southern coast) for those exercises above. The perfect time to swimming and bathing on the northern coast provided during the summer months & the May and June months of spring as well October of autumn that the water temperature must necessarily be between 16 and 26 Celsius degrees. In the southern shores this situation is provided only in the months of fall & winter.