نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
1 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه پیام نور
2 کارشناس ارشد اقلیم شناسی، مدرس دانشگاه پیام نور
3 مدرس دانشگاه پیام نور
عنوان مقاله [English]
The global warming process during last century has not only affected on amount of atmospheric parameters but also affected on onset and end of each atmospheric parameters. The air temperature trend has been increasing during recent decades, especially in the regions such as Iran which is located in dry and semi-dry world belt. In this investigation, using Mann – Kendall statistical test, which is one of the proposed methods of World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for time series analysis, the trend of seasonal maximum and minimum temperatures in Iran will be studied. Hence, In this research, the daily data of maximum and minimum temperature with spatial resolution of 0.5 *0.5 degree received from cell database in the world scale, available in data base: http://hydro.engr.scu.edu/files/ , and converted to utilizable file (.TXT) in mat lab software by using Grads software. In continuation, Mann-Kendall script code, executed for a 21550*2058 matrix to calculating the threshold trend of 95% in Mat lab. We use from Arc GIS software for graphical representation of results. The results of this research indicate that the maximum temperature of northwest and southeast of Iran is without trend (trendless) in every four seasons, and in the winter , north-eastern of Iran have the least area . In the autumn, the increasing trend of maximum temperature seem more in the eastern area and Fars, whereas, the maximum temperature of autumn in without trend (trendless) in central and northwest area of Iran. The minimum temperature has increasing trend in the most regions of Iran. In this relation, the increasing trend of minimum temperature in winter is completely obvious in northwest, Zagros and southeast of Iran.
Su, B.D., Jiang, T., and Jin, W.B. 2006. Recent trends in observed temperature